Sponsors

HMCSWoodstock(K238)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

HMCS Woodstockwas aRoyal Canadian NavyrevisedFlower-classcorvettethat took part in convoy escort duties during theSecond World War. She fought primarily in theBattle of the Atlantic. She was named forWoodstock, Ontario.

 

Background

Main article: Flower class corvette

Flower-class corvettes likeWoodstockserving with the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War were different to earlier and more traditional sail-driven corvettes.The "corvette" designation was created by the French as a class of small warships; the Royal Navy borrowed the term for a period but discontinued its .During the hurried preparations for war in the late 1930s,Winston Churchillreactivated the corvette class, needing a name for smaller ships used in an escort capacity, in this case based on awhaling shipdesign.]The generic name "flower" was used to designate the class of these ships, which – in the Royal Navy – were named after flowering plants.

Corvettes commissioned by the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War were named after communities for the most part, to better represent the people who took part in building them. This idea was put forth by AdmiralPercy W. Nelles. Sponsors were commonly associated with the community for which the ship was named. Royal Navy corvettes were designed as open sea escorts, while Canadian corvettes were developed for coastal auxiliary roles which was exemplified by their minesweeping gear. Eventually the Canadian corvettes would be modified to allow them to perform better on the open seas.

War service

After arriving at Halifax 23 May 1942,Woodstockwas initially assigned to theWestern Local Escort Force(WLEF). However she was quickly allocated toOperation Torch, the Allied invasion of North Africa. She arrived atDerry23 September and began refitting. While performing duties associated with Operation Torch,Woodstocksank the motor torpedo boatMTB 105250 miles northwest of theAzores.Woodstockdid so after the merchant ship carrying the boat had been sunk.

Woodstockreturned to Canada in March 1943 and in April joined theMid-Ocean Escort Force(MOEF). She was assigned to escort group C-1 as a trans-Atlantic escort until June, when she was reassigned to EG 5 of the Western Support Force out ofSt. John's. Late in June she was sent to join MOEF group C-4 for one round trip across the Atlantic before departing for a refit.

After returning from refitWoodstockrejoined MOEF group C-4 until April 1944 when she was made part ofOperation Neptune, the naval component of the Allied invasion ofNormandy. OnD-day, she supported the American landings at Omaha Beach.She was employed on duties connected to this operation for three months before departing for a refit in Canada.

After completing her refit,Woodstockdeparted for the west coast on 18 October 1944 and arrived atEsquimaltin November. She was assigned to Esquimalt Force upon arrival. She remained with this force for the remainder of her career.

Post-war service

Woodstockwaspaid off27 January 1945 from the Royal Canadian Navy as a warship and was sent to the yard for conversion as a loop-layer. On 17 May 1945 she was re-commissioned as a weather ship and served as such until her final paying off 16 March 1946.

She was sold for conversion to a whale-catcher in 1948 and reappeared as theHonduran-flaggedOlympic Winnerin 1951. She was sold and renamedOtori Maru No.20in 1956 andAkitsu Maruin 1957. She was broken up inEtajima,Japanin 1975..